Nowadays the use of plastic has been made extensible to significant areas and for multiple uses. This material has become essential in many industrial areas and its demand increases exponentially in the course of time.
As it is known, plastic is 100% manufactured from synthetic, petroleum-based materials, which are not biodegradable. Continuous rise in the value of crude oil and, most of all, the tremendous contamination problems that are affecting the planet, in conjunction with the climate change, has taken science to look for sustainable solutions and technologies to replace this material. Waste processing of plastic, long time of degradation and the problems this waste causes, for example in maritime environments, comes in addition to the future shortfall of crude oil as a non-renewable resource.